Myopia, commonly called shortsightedness, is a condition in which light is focused in front of the retina, rather than directly on the surface. Occurring when the eyeball is too long, relative to the focusing power of the cornea and lens of the eye.
Shortsighted (myopic) people have difficulty in seeing distant objects clearly. They find it hard to read road signs and to play sports. Recognising people in the distance may be a problem for many shortsighted people. Often a person will not realise that they cannot see clearly, but an eye examination by an optometrist will reveal the problem.
It is a very common condition. About 15 per cent of the Australian population is shortsighted. It begins to develop in teenage years and may get worse over time.
- It is projected that by the year 2020, myopia will affect about 36% of Australians
- The Sydney Myopia Study found 31% of 17 year old’s were myopic. Double the prevalence reported by the Blue Mountains Eye Study more than a decade ago.
- Modern lifestyles may influence the development of myopia, including low levels of outdoor activity, low levels of light exposure, and prolonged near tasks.
- The likelihood of developing myopia, particularly high myopia increases when one or both parents are myopic.
- Among parents of children aged 17 years and younger, 65% don’t know that myopia refers to short-sightedness, 73% do not know that genetics may play a role, and 91% are not aware of the role excessive screen time can play.
David can diagnose myopia through his comprehensive eye test and provide you with tailored treatment options. He has completed additional training to assist him in the treatment of myopia. He is accredited to fit specialised orthokeratology (ortho-k) contact lenses used in the treatment of this condition. Ortho-k lenses are worn overnight and reshape the cornea, and have proven successful in slowing down or even stopping myopic progression.